Compared with other ruling Communist Parties, such as the Communist Party of Vietnam, the Communist Party of China and the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party, the Communist Party of Cuba retains a stricter adherence to the tradition of Marxism-Leninism and the traditional Soviet model.
The Cuban party is more deeply committed to the concept of socialism than other ruling parties and has been more reluctant in engaging in market reforms though it has been forced to accept some market measures in its economy due to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the resultant loss of economic subsidies. The Communist Party of Cuba has favored supporting revolutions abroad and was active in assisting the ELN in Colombia, the FMLN in El Salvador, the Sandinistas in Nicaragua, and Maurice Bishop‘s New Jewel Movement in Grenada.
Their most significant international role was in Angola where the Cuban direction of a joint Angolan/Soviet/Cuban force was involved in the Battle of Cuito Cuanavale. This led to the withdrawal of intervening forces and, in the following peace agreement, the independence of Namibia from South African rule.
A commercial, economic, and financial embargo (or a blockade) was imposed by the United States of America against the country of Cuba as a movement against Fidel Castro’s government rule. The United States Embargo against Cuba was issued on February 7, 1962.
The Cuban embargo was enacted as a response to the Castro government’s deprivation of properties of United States citizens, as well as American corporations, within the area of Cuba. Most notable of American corporations affected were the United Fruit Company and the ITT.
The Cuban embargo was made into a law and passed in 1992. The passing of the law is stated to provide for the bringing of democracy to the Cuban people. The law was actually entitled to the Cuban Democracy Act.
Congress later afterward passed the Helms-Burton Act in 1996, which gave further restrictions to United States citizens planning on managing any form of business either within the region of Cuba or with Cuba or Cubans.
The Helms-Burton Act also mandated restrictions regarding public or private assistance to any successor regime in Havana until a number of claims against the government of Cuba were met. Then United States President Bill Clinton later modified the trade embargo in 1999, and required that foreign subsidiaries of companies based in the United States stop trading with Cuba. Clinton also authorized the legal sale of a number of US products to the country of Cuba.